London-based architecture studio Architects of Invention has revealed its competition entry for SBERCITY residential complex in Moscow, Russia. The proposed site is located within the newly designed masterplan of Rublyevo-Archangelskoe, a territory which occupies 461ha to the west of Moscow.
SBERCITY is a large-scale LEED ND certified project, with aspirations becoming a sustainable, high-tech and harmonious live-work city for business and families. Located on the greenbelt, adjacent to the Moskva river, it is an attractive location less than hour away from the city of Moscow.
The 640 residential unit building complex is comprised of a singular universal block, interconnected on two levels. It thereby suggests a permeable, notional, perimeter block. Each block is connected to the other as a bridge, which also produces a roof terrace on the free, upper surface of the block below. These terraces are for the leisure use of the residents. On the top-level, the roof terraces have gallery-type rooms above the lift cores with varying functions – a library, a gym, a nursery, a boiler room and a gallery.
The site is divided in two parts where these two concatenating buildings are set. Two five-storey universal blocks are connected to each other with a round core. At the connecting points there is a gap to allow access to the mid-level roof terraces. On the top level there are also roof terraces accessible via the core.
The universal block has an adaptable plan, which is organised in two symmetrically mirrored apartment layouts. In order to adapt to the randomly rotated upper volumes, the cores are circular and the corridors around them allow for the organization of entrances to the apartments.
The universal blocks are mainly oriented on a north-south axis so there is flexibility in organising the apartments to be single or double sided, depending on the number of rooms required. The apartments do not have direct views onto each other, because the universal blocks are slightly rotated in respect to each other at a minimum distance of 17m distance.
The facade of the building is made of a combination of flat and curved glass; chrome; black aluminum; concrete; and timber elements. This selection of materials reflects the overall contemporary appearance of the building.
There is a one-level basement car park for 750 vehicles and 106 car-parking spaces on the ground level. The basement has three access points from three sides to allow for the free flow vehicles in the morning rush hour.
Main feats of the building: 10 identical universal blocks, giving an efficient and exact economic distribution of construction cost, permeable urban plan, shared public spaces, roof terraces, dynamic shape, east–west orientation for flexible apartment planning, integrated site-plan, flexible commercial spaces and street urbanism.
The proposed urban conditions of a residential complex utilising the new, global trend of integration rather than separation, advocating an open, semi-permeable urban fabric with semi-public areas as well as increased security, open visibility, low gentrification, dynamic population and all-round accessible ground floors, a higher liquidity of internal land etc.
An open courtyard is visible from the street encouraging a healthy lifestyle not only for residents of the complex but for the city itself. Global experience tells us that permeable residential complexes with increased open space fosters positive communication and discourage es anti-social behavior.